Detection of Multivariate Cyclostationarity

TitleDetection of Multivariate Cyclostationarity
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsD. Ramírez, P. J. Schreier, J. Vía, I. Santamaría, and L. L. Scharf
JournalIEEE Transactions on Signal Processing
Volume63
Issue20
Pagination5395-5408
Month PublishedOctober
AbstractThis paper derives an asymptotic generalized likelihood ratio test (GLRT) and an asymptotic locally most powerful invariant test (LMPIT) for two hypothesis testing problems: 1) Is a vector-valued random process cyclostationary (CS) or is it wide-sense stationary (WSS)? 2) Is a vector valued random process CS or is it nonstationary? Our approach uses the relationship between a scalar-valued CS time series and a vector-valued WSS time series for which the knowledge of the cycle period is required. This relationship allows us to formulate the problem as a test for the covariance structure of the observations. The covariance matrix of the observations has a block-Toeplitz structure for CS and WSS processes. By considering the asymptotic case where the covariance matrix becomes block-circulant we are able to derive its maximum likelihood (ML) estimate and thus an asymptotic GLRT. Moreover, using Wijsman’s theorem, we also obtain an asymptotic LMPIT. These detectors may be expressed in terms of the Loève spectrum, the cyclic spectrum, and the power spectral density, establishing how to fuse the information in these spectra for an asymptotic GLRT and LMPIT. This goes beyond the state of-the-art, where it is common practice to build detectors of cyclostationarity from ad-hoc functions of these spectra.